Dec 14, 2013

Prehistoric Petroglyphs of Kappagallu - part II

We are approximately half way up the hill. At the edge of the dyke are two large rocks with hundreds of drawings on them. Unfortunately these rocks were not reachable, I had to use telephoto lens to shoot them.

Zooming in: Groups of dancing human figures dominate the rock. One of the chain of human has close to 40 individual human figures. Then there are variety of animals- elephant, tiger, buffalo, crane, peacock, and bull. The prominent one being the elephant with long tusks, close it are two men, they seem to be tending the beast. Also there's one drawing similar to the bull-axe wheel see earlier (see previous post).

Panning down: Here we another chain of human figures, a group dance scene. There are two east-facing bulls and a tall man wielding a spear.

We kept climbing up, Rama Dasa wanted to show us a temple dedicated to a god named Pitlappa. Our guide slides down a rock realizing that he wasn't going the right way. Many rocks have flat faces.. this is one of the characteristic of this rock. Rama Dasa says natural blasting happens due to Sun's heat.

On these rock there's more of cattle again; a west-facing bull with very long and straight horns. The lower rock has a very beautiful buffalo with curved horns.

The rust colored rock on the right- a well built man with a long spear. The man is sexually aroused. Surrounding the big man are smaller human figures engaged in different activities. One of them is standing with a hand on waist, head titled and the other hand on his head.

Here we have an interesting drawing, probably a hunting scene. A running human figure wielding a spear, it seems like a female figure chasing a small animal. Besides the hunting scene, we have a standing human figure and a simple four-spoke whee.

Another interesting scene here- dressed blocks stacked neatly. This is proof these rocks break off with flat surfaces.

Now we have one of the important petroglyphs on this hill. A large bull with forked horns, a peacock and a man. I remember seeing this petroglyph in one of the research papers published by a western archeologist.

Close by is another musical rock. The series of white patches are spots to hit to produce a tone. Malatesh is trying to play a tune. The neighboring stone has a Swatika on it.

Rama Dasa explaining the significance of the drawing. These rocks here also have scenes of group sex by human beings. I think bull is a sign of good health and fertility.

On this diamond face is a line drawing of a man and two women engaged in sexual activity. This position involves usage of a specially designed belt worn by a man which will help women to cling on to the man. This shows that prehistoric humans had experimented different positions of copulation.

The dyke's elevation is higher than Peacock hill's elevation. One day I want to come back to explore that peak..
This is Pitlappa temple.. a small natural shelter with no deity. Local folks worship at the shrine during some festival.

Close by is a larger than life human figure and a serpent. The man's features are clear. Also there are several pair of feet.

An upper view of the tall rock with animal pictures. Earlier we had seen these rocks from below.

The tiger is very clear. Below the tiger is a Shiva Liga and Basavanna - this is a recent addition, etched over ancient peacocks. Notice the difference in color of Basavanna and other figures. Just below the Basavanna is a buffalo with curved horns, the horns converge to form a circle.

The bird looks like recent addition. The buffalo looks more like a wild bison.

Drawings on the rocks depict sexual activity by human figures. Notice the character with a large head and a blown up male organ. That drawing seems recent.

Rama Dasa can find his way on this heap of rocks. He's been exploring Hiregudda since his school days, he knows the locations of all major petroglyphs here. In fact he has been a guide to eminent archaeologists from India and abroad. He has a natural interest and vast knowledge about ancient Indian culture, astronomy and astrology. He says that studying and understanding prehistoric culture is very challenging. He believes in questioning every theory, even the ones put forth by experts in archaeology - his policy is not to accept anything without inquiring.

It's time to head back, we have a long descent ahead of us. Very close to the base of this hill, just outside the fencing are two grey-white patches- one is a mound while the other is flat - they are prehistoric ash mounds. While one mound is preserved (though partially damaged) the other one is destroyed, field owners have demolished the mound, destroying a prehistoric monument forever.

In the plains below - once a prehistoric settlement - are several monuments such as Beerappa rock shelter and Rakshi Gundu.

We descend by taking a different path, we had not passed this rock formation while ascending. Note how the rock has broken into pieces yet standing as though its one piece.

Veerabhadra trying to find a way down. We had spent some time here when Rama Dasa spoke about the bull and peacock above. In the middle level is a large elephant. These drawings are should be viewed from a distance, if you get too close to them you see a mass of lines with no sense.

Here we see a deer with antlers on the left, a man standing behind it. Behind the antlers is an object that seems like bow and arrow. The arrow-head is over sized.

Veerabhadra is calculating chances of climbing down a sheer face and he did take that route while the rest of us took a much safer route.

The excursion left us tired. We decided to abandon the next plan - exploring stone implements factory. However we had plans of checking out the ash mound and Beerappa rock shelter.

March 7th remains an important day for me because I go an opportunity to see three types of prehistoric artifacts- stone implements, petroglyphs and ash mound. I wish to come back and spend an entire day exploring this hill, an abode of our ancestors.


Nirdesh Singh said...

Hi Siddeshwar,

What can I say? You are amazing.

Salute to your passion for bringing out such obscure sites.

I just hope we do not lose them to mining and other modern day evils.


siddeshwar said...

Nirdesh, thank you. I bow in respect.

North Karnataka has many prehistoric sites which remain unprotected, neglected and ignored even though archaeologists have pointed out their importance. I pray that Indian/state governments takes steps to protect and preserve them.

Ravi Shinde said...

This is really exciting!
Planning to visit this in few days - can you help me with right contact of guide etc.